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According to the may forecast of the US Department of agriculture (USDA), production of barley in the world in the season-2018/19 may increase by 4.6 million tonnes to a 147.6 million tonnes, Growth of global crop production will contribute to the expansion of crop agriculture by more than 1 million ha to 49.1 million hectares In Russia, according to estimates from the American office, the area of...22 May 2018
The Governor of Stavropol territory Vladimir Vladimirov has imposed a state of emergency in three districts of the region because of the threat of a mass invasion of locusts. The corresponding decree was signed on Friday, told TASS in the government of the province. "In connection with the death and damage of crops by the spread of pests, enter a state of emergency for the regional territorial su...22 May 2018
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Although state support of farmers, the rural population continues to decline, reduced the number of schools and kindergartens. Experts see the solution in increasing the financing of small agricultural business.
At the round table "Integrated development of rural areas of the Novosibirsk region", February 12, acting Minister of agriculture of the Novosibirsk region Vasily Pronkin told that the deepening of the crisis, the agricultural sector contributed to a rich harvest of recent years, problems with the export of grain from the field.
As a result, according to the Minister, and accelerated the reduction of the rural population. "From 2010 to 2017, the rural population decreased by 59 thousand persons is comparable with the number Iskitim district", — said the Pronkin.
In addition, together with the disappearance of farms has occurred and the reduction of social and engineering infrastructure. Thus, according to Pankina, the number of obstetric units has decreased by three decades, cultural and leisure facilities — 44, schools and kindergartens for 170.
According to the agriculture Ministry, the area has more than thousands of farm households and almost three decades of consumer cooperatives. Last year, the share of farms in gross agricultural production volume amounted to about 37.5%. For the period 2014 — 2016 the volume of state support of small forms of management amounted to more than 1.8 billion rubles.
Save the village
At the meeting of the acting Governor of the Novosibirsk region Andrey Travnikov stressed that the development priorities of the agricultural sector — support the rural economy. "It is impossible to put boundaries must exist and large complexes, and rural farm. For each territory, for each municipal district needs to be a balance — and to solve economic issues, and continued development of the village" — said the herbalists.
Legislative Assembly deputies have proposed a number of actions to ensure such development. Among the proposed measures is financing the construction of housing, training for rural areas, and to conduct a detailed analysis of measures of state support of agricultural producers. So, according to the Chairman of legislative Assembly of the Novosibirsk region Andrei Shymkiv, population decline is associated with incorrect state.
"We all talk about the same thing. But for 7 years — minus 59 thousand population — this is a disaster! We now have about 50 farms located on bankruptcy. Let's calculate how much money for 13 years has received large complexes and how much do they pay taxes, then it will be clear why the site fell", — said schimke.
Shymkiv also noted that the legislative Assembly is willing to consider changes in the law of state support and programs that allow you to save the village.
As told RBC Novosibirsk the Chairman of the Committee on budget, Finance and economic policy and property of Alexander Morozov, the key inefficiencies of the existing system of state — financing of large subjects of agrarian business.
"In this two cattle-breeding complex in Kargatskiy and Maslyaninsky district. This amount supports can collectively amount to billions. As an example, these two complex on New year's eve received 450 million rubles", — said Morozov.
The MP explained that, in his view, we should not forget about the classic small farms. "The complexes have the advantages of technological and financial but a strong social cons. For the "giants" of the future, and for small businesses — today's village. If from the village to clean production, something about the people living there, forget it. Our objective is to help those households who find it difficult to provide resources for spring field work," says frost.
According to the Deputy Chairman of the agricultural Committee Gleb Popovtseva, agrarian economy of the region this year lost about two billion rubles. The Popovtsy convinced that to defend the interests of Novosibirsk landowners is required before Federal agencies.
To attract big business
According to Director of JSC novosibirskkhleboprodukt, Chairman of the Novosibirsk regional branch "Support of Russia" Sergey Sokolov, support of small agricultural businesses will not give the desired results.
"Farming requires the same effort from the person, as well as conducting any other business. Of course, you can reallocate the subsidies to lend money to people. They will not give it up, but the flow of funds will be earmarked. We had a similar initiative and concessional lending. This suggests that personal support does not always work", — said Sokolov.
The expert is sure that the cause of population decline lies in the small number of large employers the system, problems with leisure activities. "Business from the village repellent is not the impossibility of the realization of the product, and no guarantees that you will buy it at a reasonable price that covers all costs," — says Sokolov.
Due to a rich harvest in 2017 procurement prices of wheat of the fourth class fell to 5.3 thousand rubles without VAT per tonne. In 2016, the wheat was sold at a price of 10.4 thousand rubles per ton. The cost of one ton of wheat — 7 th.