The sowing campaign for the harvest-2021 has risen on the background of the devaluation of the ruble. According to the Ministry of agriculture on August 14, winter crops for the harvest-2021 planted on 155,5 thousand ha or 0.9% of the forecast area. This week on the start of the sowing campaign, in particular, reported Samara and Orenburg regions and Bashkortostan. In the near future will begin w...17 Aug 2020
Siberian Federal scientific center of agrobiotechnology (CPNCA), RAS will develop the concept of development of the grain market of Siberia until 2025, said in a statement on Friday, the message on the website SFNCE wounds. "By results of discussion the Council of the MASSES (the interregional Association "Siberian agreement") decided to approve the project proposal of the concept of the interreg...17 Aug 2020
As of 12 August in the presence of Russian farmers were 2.42 million tons of seeds of winter crops with the needs of 3.79 million tonnes. This was reported by the press service of "rosselhozcenter". The share of certified seed material as available at the reporting date was 98.6%, slightly higher than last year in this period (98,3%). It is reported that currently, 1.2% of the available seeds do ...17 Aug 2020
The price of cereals in the new season will depend on the volume and quality of raw materials. Gross harvest of major cereal species of agricultural crops this year will not be lower than that in 2019, the Director of the analytical Department of the Russian grain Union (RGU) Elena Tyurin. "The crop of oats will increase compared to the previous year by 2% to 4.5 million tonnes, the harvest of mi...17 Aug 2020
On 14 August the Minister of agriculture of the Russian Federation Dmitry Patrushev made a working trip to the Udmurt Republic. The main theme of the visit was the implementation of the state program "Complex development of rural territories", which was launched in 2020. In particular, the Minister called for a new culture House in the village of Sosnovka, where he held a meeting during which toge...17 Aug 2020
Vice-Premier of Victoria Abramchenko instructed the relevant ministries to study mechanisms to reduce the volatility of grain prices for manufacturers of flour. A copy of the order is at the disposal of TASS. "Ask you to study mechanisms to reduce the volatility of grain prices for manufacturers of flour and the results are to be reported to the government of the Russian Federation if needed, dra...14 Aug 2020
Foreign agricultural service of USDA (FAS USDA) increased the forecast of wheat harvest in Russia by 1.5 million tonnes to 78 million tonnes Estimation of gross yield of other cereals has been reduced from 40 million tons to 38.93 million tons, while projections for corn and barley remained unchanged: 15.3 million tons and 17.3 million tons of American analysts traditionally do not take into accou...14 Aug 2020
The Ministry of agriculture of the Russian Federation proposes the inclusion of complex mineral fertilizers in the list of goods the carriage of which the far East by railway transport at reduced rates kompensiruet from the budget. The corresponding document was published on the Federal portal of projects of normative legal acts. Earlier, in April last year, the Russian Government approved rules ...14 Aug 2020
During the reporting period the main buyer of Russian agricultural products was China. The export of agricultural products since the beginning of the year to 9 August amounted to $15.4 billion, which is 13% higher than a year earlier ($13.7 billion). While the supply of meat and dairy products reached $661 million (plus 64%), oil and fat $2,97 billion (+27%), products of food and processing ind...14 Aug 2020
IV Siberian Grain forum, organized by the National Union of grain producers and coincides with the beginning of the harvesting campaign, this time had been held in Novosibirsk and Omsk, with 8 to 9 August. Participated in the forum according to tradition, not only farmers themselves, but also the heads of Federal and regional ministries, and leading agricultural experts. Explorer "KV" Nicholas HORNS also visited the plenary session of the forum and listened to the opinion of the President of the National Union of grain producers Pavel SKURIHINA about the current situation on the grain market, the future crop and future crop production in the Omsk region and Siberia in General.
About the new harvest
Grains and legumes were sown in Russia, according to operative data, more than 46 million hectares, of which SFO has 10 million hectares. This is slightly lower than last year due to objective reasons — a very late cold spring and is actually very late sowing. This year the harvesting campaign because of the hot weather started in the South and North Caucasian Federal districts for two to three weeks earlier, so the performance at the beginning of August for yield and gross yield of grain is higher than last year. The Krasnodar and Stavropol region have almost removed the grains. It remains only corn. The forecast of the National Union of grain producers in these areas was confirmed. Overall yields — in fact, slightly below 2011. We broadly agree with the forecasts of the Ministry of agriculture of the Russian Federation, do biological grain harvest in the whole country more than 90 million tons, but the harvest is not enough to grow, you need to take to the storage location, and then save the presentation. And about the granary the weight of the National Union of grain producers of more restrained forecasts. There are reasons unfortunately that will not allow you to bring the entire crop to the granaries. We predict that the granary the weight of the collected grains will be this year 75-80 million tons.
About difficult weather conditions
In those districts where ongoing harvest rates in comparison with last year has decreased. In the Central Federal district for three weeks rains. The same thing happens in the Volga Federal district, which first suffered from drought during the ripening of grain, and now has problems with the weather during the harvest. On today's date in the result of the early spring and summer drought in eight of the constituent modes declared regional emergencies. Suffered Bashkortostan, Tatarstan, Kalmykia, Chuvashia, Udmurtia, Perm Krai and Ulyanovsk and Orenburg region. There are local dry phenomenon even in some States of the Federation. And the situation, the SFD also raises some concerns. In the three major grain-producing Siberian regions, such as Omsk, Novosibirsk region and Altai Krai, in the period of formation of plants it was a cold and dry weather. Such conditions do not allow us to predict the yields are above average values. Besides, due to the late sowing time there are fears that cleaning will take place in adverse conditions.
The losses of grain
The period of the grain harvest in almost all regions exceeds 10 days. And any extra day, as we know, over 10 days of harvesting leads to loss of 1% of the crop. Is the so-called runoff of grain. The grain is showered with ear. Accordingly, if the duration of the harvest is 30 days, the region risks losing up to 20% of the harvest. And equipment equipment in Russia is declining, unfortunately. If last year the load on the processor as a whole in Russia amounted to 406 hectares this year — 424 hectares. the Pace of disposal of equipment exceeds the rate of its acquisition. Significant losses occur during transportation, handling and storage of grain. We do not have a sufficient number of grain dryers. And pleases in this sense, the information that in the Omsk region it is planned to master the following year, production of grain dryers. In addition, many households are forced to store grain under floor storage, which in wet weather always affects the granary grain weight.
About the prices for grain
There is now a decline in prices on the market 1 500 — 2 000 rubles. So it usually happens, if you do not take unique years, such as, for example, 2012. In those regions where cleaning is ended, has been rebound at least 500 — 700 roubles. And in some regions of the Central Federal district, where harvesting is in full swing, prices have reached a threshold at which the state should intervene, — 6 550 rubles per ton. In the Siberian region to intervene and lower prices, in our view, not appropriate. It makes no sense to expend the remaining intervention Fund. We expect that the decline in prices in Siberia will continue with the beginning of harvesting, because many households forced to sell part of their grain in the harvest period to pay for material and technical resources necessary for the completion of the harvest, but then the price picture will change. Given the forecasts not a record harvest and high rates of export prices for Siberian grain is likely to begin to rise after harvest and will fluctuate in the same range as last year. In order to neutralize price risks, we believe, the grain makes sense to sell grain gradually, not holding it until spring. If we all simultaneously to hold the grain, you risk to get into last year's situation, when in November — December prices were higher than in April-may. Once again: in the whole country grain enough. And the only question in the local fluctuations caused by the behavior of buyers and sellers.
The diversification of crops
Today we see a decline in production of common wheat that is uniquely noted as a positive trend, because the farming is not clear for whom wheat low quality only adds to the often difficult financial situation of farms. To afford the wheat production of low quality can only businesses that are in the vicinity of ports. Grain with a protein content of 11%, and low nature can be successfully sold only for export to Egypt or Turkey. The rest of you need to think what to produce. And the strategic direction we see the improvement of the quality of the wheat. In Europe, in particular, is not quoted and is much more expensive grain with a protein content exceeding 14% and a high nature, that is above 780 grams per liter, and in the Omsk region than in any other region of Siberia, it is possible to produce that grain.
On the cost of feed for livestock
The largest consumer of grain, livestock, in connection with Russia's accession to WTO and changes in customs-tariff policy was, of course, in a very difficult position. In our opinion, coordination between grain producers and livestock operations need more in preparation for planting. Need a long-term cooperation, the introduction of forward contracts, which allows to level price fluctuations of the grain market. In 2009, when I spoke at the Congress of breeders and talked about forward contracts with grain producers, are experiencing at that time a big problem to me is that the shoes are not threw. And now breeders think, of course, different. They have realized that with such high grain prices, they experienced a few months ago, profitability they will not. And those breeders who do not own acreage, would be interested in forward contracts. But I believe that such contracts can be successful if you involve advance payments that require partners to fulfill them.
About the importance of the Grain forum of Siberia
The decisions we make here are reflected not only in the grain subcomplex of the Siberian Federal district, but also throughout Russia. And often around the world. We already had a precedent when the forecast is made at one of the Grain forum Siberia, in fact, changed grain prices on the new York and Chicago stock exchanges.