The sowing campaign for the harvest-2021 has risen on the background of the devaluation of the ruble. According to the Ministry of agriculture on August 14, winter crops for the harvest-2021 planted on 155,5 thousand ha or 0.9% of the forecast area. This week on the start of the sowing campaign, in particular, reported Samara and Orenburg regions and Bashkortostan. In the near future will begin w...17 Aug 2020
Siberian Federal scientific center of agrobiotechnology (CPNCA), RAS will develop the concept of development of the grain market of Siberia until 2025, said in a statement on Friday, the message on the website SFNCE wounds. "By results of discussion the Council of the MASSES (the interregional Association "Siberian agreement") decided to approve the project proposal of the concept of the interreg...17 Aug 2020
As of 12 August in the presence of Russian farmers were 2.42 million tons of seeds of winter crops with the needs of 3.79 million tonnes. This was reported by the press service of "rosselhozcenter". The share of certified seed material as available at the reporting date was 98.6%, slightly higher than last year in this period (98,3%). It is reported that currently, 1.2% of the available seeds do ...17 Aug 2020
The price of cereals in the new season will depend on the volume and quality of raw materials. Gross harvest of major cereal species of agricultural crops this year will not be lower than that in 2019, the Director of the analytical Department of the Russian grain Union (RGU) Elena Tyurin. "The crop of oats will increase compared to the previous year by 2% to 4.5 million tonnes, the harvest of mi...17 Aug 2020
On 14 August the Minister of agriculture of the Russian Federation Dmitry Patrushev made a working trip to the Udmurt Republic. The main theme of the visit was the implementation of the state program "Complex development of rural territories", which was launched in 2020. In particular, the Minister called for a new culture House in the village of Sosnovka, where he held a meeting during which toge...17 Aug 2020
Vice-Premier of Victoria Abramchenko instructed the relevant ministries to study mechanisms to reduce the volatility of grain prices for manufacturers of flour. A copy of the order is at the disposal of TASS. "Ask you to study mechanisms to reduce the volatility of grain prices for manufacturers of flour and the results are to be reported to the government of the Russian Federation if needed, dra...14 Aug 2020
Foreign agricultural service of USDA (FAS USDA) increased the forecast of wheat harvest in Russia by 1.5 million tonnes to 78 million tonnes Estimation of gross yield of other cereals has been reduced from 40 million tons to 38.93 million tons, while projections for corn and barley remained unchanged: 15.3 million tons and 17.3 million tons of American analysts traditionally do not take into accou...14 Aug 2020
The Ministry of agriculture of the Russian Federation proposes the inclusion of complex mineral fertilizers in the list of goods the carriage of which the far East by railway transport at reduced rates kompensiruet from the budget. The corresponding document was published on the Federal portal of projects of normative legal acts. Earlier, in April last year, the Russian Government approved rules ...14 Aug 2020
During the reporting period the main buyer of Russian agricultural products was China. The export of agricultural products since the beginning of the year to 9 August amounted to $15.4 billion, which is 13% higher than a year earlier ($13.7 billion). While the supply of meat and dairy products reached $661 million (plus 64%), oil and fat $2,97 billion (+27%), products of food and processing ind...14 Aug 2020
In recent years a major food commodity that Russia steadily supplies the world market is grain. It is not only in demand abroad, but also competitive enough to remember 2010 when our country introduced a ban on grain exports. Prices on world markets then increased to more than $100/t.
In 1970, the world produced more than 1.2 billion tons of grain, of which in the Russian Federation — 114 million tonnes In less than 50 years, global gross harvest increased by 80%. If our grain sector grew at the same pace, but now we have received 200-210 million tonnes of grain a year. However, in Russia, even if you take one of the best in a decade last year — the harvest index has not increased but even slightly decreased.
World leaders have increased grain production through the use of modern agricultural technologies and achievements of plant breeding. The irrigated area in the world increased from 310 million ha in 1990-e years to approximately 420 million hectares In Russia over the 20 years from 8.2 million hectares of reclaimed land remained 4.3 million ha. If this had not happened, many farmers managed to survive the severe drought 2010-2012 with much smaller losses. Remember that the outstanding payables of farmers to the banks, which now exceeds 2 trillion rubles., was formed in this period.
The demand for grain and its value grow year by year, moreover, unlike natural resources, is a renewable product, the production of which can be increased. Now Russia annually exports in average 23-25 million tonnes at a potential of 35-40 million tons, Our country has about 10% of the world's arable land, we are about 30% of the topsoil of the planet, but more than 20% of arable land not used in circulation. We need to use their benefits, especially the grain sector provides the country foreign exchange earnings. The grain industry — the basis of agriculture, its development is motivated by the growth of the entire APK. Moreover, due to the annual cycles of production quickly enough, you can get the visible effect of the investment.
However, despite these undeniable advantages, recent decisions focused not on the development of the grain industry, and its limitation. Artificial barriers are created to maintain a less competitive agricultural sector. Against the background of rising costs continuing downward pressure on prices, the possibility of introducing export duties on rye, barley, corn. Thus, when the question of the availability to farmers of fertilizers and their producers discussed the options for the application of export duties, and the decision about the duty on wheat was taken without the consent of local unions.
Also not very clear approval of the purchasing intervention prices in the new season. They are below current market and calculated on the basis of cost of production in 2014 adjusted for inflation. But only the cost of the spring field work has increased by 40%, and by autumn, when added to the harvesting, plowing and sowing, this figure may increase to 60%. According to preliminary estimates, the cost of grain in the European part of the country last year was about 5 thousand rubles./t in the Asian — about 7 thousand rbl./t, we Can assume that this year it will increase to an average of 8 thousand rubles per ton and 10 thousand RUB./t. do Not forget that now the financial possibilities of producers narrowed to revenue for products sold and government support in the form of per-hectare subsidies that do not cover even the minimum costs of fuel, fertilizer and plant protection chemicals. Given all this, harvest-2015 are still poorly be predicted.
Our Union sent to the Ministry of agriculture proposals that will enable grain producers to maintain and increase crops. First, you need to set the prices of purchasing interventions in Hirono-no-2015/16 at 12 thousand RUB/t for the European part of the country and 13.5 thousand RUB/t for Siberia and the Urals. Second, we propose to begin the intervention from 1 July. In 2014 purchases to the state Fund was launched on 30 September — earlier than in previous years, but the season of cheap grain when it would be possible to fill it ended in August. Therefore, it is advisable to start the intervention during harvesting — in the period of mass supply.
Early intervention and the price level will reduce the risks of banks and will allow them more confident to lend to the agricultural industry, and profitability — at such purchase prices it may be 30-35% — will guarantee the ability to service loans. And, importantly, making these decisions will create the conditions to enhance the process of modernization of the grain industry and the development of agricultural insurance.